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Emergency Quarantine; Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter

(1) Establishing Quarantine. An emergency quarantine is established against glassy-winged sharpshooter, Hoalodisca coagulata. This quarantine is established under ORS 561.540 and 561.560 to protect Oregon’s agricultural industries from the artificial spread of glassy-winged sharpshooter. Glassy-winged sharpshooter is a vector of Pierce’s disease, Xylella fastidiosa, in grapes and other diseases of important horticultural plants. Neither glassy-winged sharpshooter nor X. fastidiosa are known to be established in Oregon. Introduction of glassy-winged sharpshooter could result in serious damage to vineyards in Oregon and cause trade restrictions on many other host plants. It is not possible to follow the procedures to adopt a regular quarantine without serious danger of introduction of glassy-winged sharpshooter during the time required for adoption. A regular quarantine requires approximately 45 days to adopt and during that time many shipments of potentially infested material will be imported into the State.

(2) Area under Quarantine: Mexico; the entire States of Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Texas; and any other state found to be infested with glassy-winged sharpshooter during the life of this quarantine. In Oregon, any property where glassy-winged sharpshooter is found.

(3) Commodities Covered: All plants referenced in Appendix A. This does not include cut flowers, cut foliage, or dormant, leafless nursery stock. All life stages of the glassy-winged sharpshooter, including eggs, nymphs, and adults, and Xylella fastidiosa.

(4) Provisions of the Quarantine: All shipments of covered commodities from areas under quarantine outside the state of Oregon are prohibited unless they meet the conditions below:

(a) Covered commodities, except grape plants (Vitis spp.), from non-infested counties in California (see (B) below) are exempt from provisions of this quarantine.

(b) Covered commodities originating from the area under quarantine including infested counties in California: Fresno, Kern, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, Sacramento, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, Tulare, Ventura, and any other county found to be infested with glassy-winged sharpshooter during the life of this quarantine, must meet either (i) or (ii) below. Note: an infestation is defined as an established, reproducing population as evidenced by positive trap catches or sightings over more than one generation of the glassy-winged sharpshooter or more than one life stage of the glassy-winged sharpshooter found on plants not including regulatory interceptions on recently imported plants.

(i) originate from nurseries under compliance agreement with the state of origin Department of Agriculture requiring adherence to specific protocols to ensure that shipped host nursery stock is free of glassy-winged sharpshooter; or

(ii) have been treated with a registered pesticide effective at killing all stages of glassy-winged sharpshooter prior to shipment as near to the time of shipping as is reasonably possible.

(c) Grape plants (Vitis spp.) from the area under quarantine, including the entire state of California, must be treated for glassy-winged sharpshooter as in (4)(B)(i) or (ii) above and must be tested and found free of Xylella fastidiosa. A phytosanitary certificate must accompany the shipment with the following additional declaration: “Grape plants (Vitis spp.) in this shipment have been treated for glassy-winged sharpshooter and a representative sample has been tested and found free of Xylella fastidiosa.”

(d) Notification of regulated commodity shipment is required. The shipper shall mail, FAX or e-mail a document listing the type and quantity of plants, address of shipper, address of recipient, and contact phone numbers to: Nursery Program Supervisor, Plant Division, Oregon Department of Agriculture, 635 Capitol Street NE, Salem, Oregon 97310; FAX: 503/986-4786; e-mail: gmcaninch@oda.state.or.us. The Department may require that shipments be held until inspected and released.

(e) Sites within Oregon where glassy-winged sharpshooter is found associated with covered commodities imported from the area under quarantine must be treated with a registered pesticide effective at killing all stages of glassy-winged sharpshooter. All imported host material received from areas under quarantine must be treated as well as all other host material in a reasonable buffer zone approved by the Oregon Department of Agriculture. Host material within the spray block may not be moved or sold until after it is treated. In cases where spray blocks include more than one owner, each owner will be responsible for spraying host material on their own property.

(5) Violation of quarantine. Violation of this quarantine may result in a fine, if convicted, of not less than $500 nor more than $5,000, as provided by ORS 561.990 (4). Commodities shipped in violation of this quarantine may be treated, destroyed or returned to their point of origin without expense or indemnity paid by the State.

(6) This emergency quarantine order shall be effective upon filing with the Secretary of State’s office. Unless terminated, amended, or replaced by an order adopted pursuant to ORS 561.510 to 561.550, this order shall remain in effect for 90 days from the date of filing.

Dated this 30th day of August, 2000.

Phillip C. Ward, Director
Oregon Department of Agriculture

Appendix A
Host List For Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter

(Oviposition hosts indicated with asterisk)

Sorted by Scientific Name:

Scientific Name, Common Name

Abelia spp.*, Abelia*

Acacia spp.*, Acacia*

Agapanthus spp.*, Agapanthus*

Albizia spp., Albizzia

Aleurites spp., Aleurites

Althaea spp.*, Hollyhock*

Amaranthus spp.*, Amaranth*

Ambrosia spp., Ragweed

Ananas spp.*, Ananas*

Aptenia spp.*, Aptenia*

Arbutus spp.*, Strawberry tree*

Asclepias spp.*, Milkweed*

Asparagus spp., Asparagus

Bauhinia spp.*, Bauhinia*

Betula spp.*, Birch*

Bougainvillea spp.*, Bougainvillea*

Brachychiton spp.*, Bottle tree*

Brunfelsia spp.*, Brunfelsia*

Buxus spp., Boxwood

Camellia spp.*, Camellia*

Campsis spp.*, Trumpet creeper*

Cassia spp.*, Senna*

Catalpa spp.*, Catawba*

Ceratonia spp.*, Carob*

Cercis spp.*, Redbud*

Chenopodium spp.*, Lambsquarter*

Chrysanthemum spp.*, Chrysanthemum*

Cinnamomum spp.*, Cinnamomum*

Cistus spp.*, Rock rose*

Citrus spp.*, Citrus*

Cotoneaster spp., Cotoneaster

Cupaniopsis spp.*, Cupaniopsis*

Cycas spp.*, Cycad*

Elaeagnus spp., Elaeagnus

Erigeron spp.*, Fleabane*

Eriobotrya spp.*, Eriobotrya*

Erythrina spp.*, Coral tree*

Escallonia spp.*, Escallonia*

Eucalyptus spp.*, Eucalyptus*

Euonymus spp.*, Euonymus*

Eupatorium spp., Boneset

Ficus spp., *Fig*

Fraxinus spp.*, Ash*

Gardenia spp.*, Gardenia*

Gelsemium spp.*, Yellow jessamine*

Ginkgo spp.*, Ginkgo*

Gladiolus spp., Gladiolus

Gossypium spp., Cotton

Hardenbergia spp.*, Hardenbergia*

Helianthus spp.*, Sunflower*

Heteromeles spp.*, Toyon*

Hibiscus spp.*, Hibiscus*

Ilex spp., Holly

Jasminum spp., Jasmine

Juglans spp., Walnut

Lactuca spp., Lettuce

Lagerstroemia spp.*, Crape myrtle*

Laurus spp.*, Laurel*

Ligustrum spp.*, Privet*

Liquidambar spp.*, Sweetgum*

Liroidendron spp.*, Tulip tree*

Macadamia spp.*, Macadamia*

Magnolia spp.*, Magnolia*

Malus spp., Apple

Malva spp., Mallow

Melaleuca spp.*, Bottlebrush*

Melia spp., Bead tree

Michelia spp*, Champak*

Monarda spp., Wild bergamot

Morus spp.*, Mulberry*

Myoporum spp.*, Myoporum*

Nadina spp.*, Nadina*

Nerium spp., Oleander

Nicotiana spp.*, Tree Tobacco*

Nyssa spp., Tupelo

Oenothera spp., Evening primrose

Olea spp.*, Olive*

Opuntia spp.*, Cactus*

Osmanthus spp.*, Osmanthus*

Pandorea spp.*, Pandorea*

Persea spp.*, Avocado*

Philadelphus spp.*, Mock orange*

Philodendron spp., Philodendron

Phorium spp.*, Flax lily*

Photinia spp., Photinia

Phytolacca spp., Pokeweed

Pinus spp., Pine

Pistacia*, Pistachio*

Pittosporum spp., Pittosporum

Platanus spp.*, Sycamore*

Plumbago spp.*, Leadwort*

Podocarpus spp.*, Podocarpus*

Polygala spp.*, Milkwort*

Populus spp.*, Cottonwood*

Prunus spp.*, Prunus, (apricot, peach,etc.)*

Pyracantha spp.*, Firethorn*

Pyrus spp.*, Pear*

Quercus spp.*, Oak*

Raphiolepis spp.*, Raphiolepis*

Rhododendron spp.*, Azalea*

Rhus spp.*, Sumac*

Robinia spp.*, Locust*

Rosa spp.*, Rose*

Rubus spp., Blackberry

Rudbeckia spp., Coneflower

Salix spp.*, Willow*

Sambucus spp.*, Elderberry*

Sassafras spp., Sassafras

Schefflera spp.*, Umbrella tree*

Schinus spp.*, Scinus*

Solanum spp.*, Solanum*

Solidago spp., Goldenrod

Sonchus spp., Sonchus

Sorghum spp.*, Sorghm*

Syringa spp.*, Lilac*

Tecomaria spp.*, Tecomaria*

Thuja spp., Arborvitae

Trachelospermum spp.*, Trachelospermum*

Tristania spp.*, Tristania*

Tupidanthus spp.*, Tupidanthus*

Ulmus spp.*, Elm*

Veronica spp.*, Speedwell*

Viburnum spp.*, Viburnum*

Vigna spp., Vigna

Vitis spp.*, Grape*

Wisteria spp., Wisteria

Xanthium spp., Cocklebur

Xylosma spp.*, Xylosma*

Yucca spp., Yucca

Zea spp., Zea

Sorted by Common Name:

Common Name, Scientific Name

Abelia*, Abelia spp.*

Acacia*, Acacia spp.*

Agapanthus*, Agapanthus spp.*

Albizzia, Albizia spp.

Aleurites, Aleurites spp.

Amaranth*, Amaranthus spp.*

Ananas*, Ananas spp.*

Apple, Malus spp.

Aptenia*, Aptenia spp.*

Arborvitae, Thuja spp.

Ash*, Fraxinus spp.*

Asparagus, Asparagus spp.

Avocado*, Persea spp.*

Azalea*, Rhododendron spp.*

Bauhinia*, Bauhinia spp.*

Bead tree, Melia spp.

Birch*, Betula spp.*

Blackberry, Rubus spp.

Boneset, Eupatorium spp.

Bottle tree*, Brachychiton spp.*

Bottlebrush*, Melaleuca spp.*

Bougainvillea*, Bougainvillea spp.*

Boxwood, Buxus spp.

Brunfelsia*, Brunfelsia spp.*

Cactus*, Opuntia spp.*

Camellia*, Camellia spp.*

Carob*, Ceratonia spp.*

Catawba*, Catalpa spp.*

Champak*, Michelia, spp*

Chrysanthemum*, Chrysanthemum spp.*

Cinnamomum*, Cinnamomum spp.*

Citrus*, Citrus spp.*

Cocklebur, Xanthium spp.

Coneflower, Rudbeckia spp.

Coral tree*, Erythrina spp.*

Cotoneaster, Cotoneaster spp.

Cotton, Gossypium spp.

Cottonwood*, Populus spp.*

Crape myrtle*, Lagerstroemia spp.*

Cupaniopsis*, Cupaniopsis spp.*

Cycad*, Cycas spp.*

Elaeagnus, Elaeagnus spp.

Elderberry*, Sambucus spp.*

Elm*, Ulmus spp.*

Eriobotrya*, Eriobotrya spp.*

Escallonia*, Escallonia spp.*

Eucalyptus*, Eucalyptus spp.*

Euonymus*, Euonymus spp.*

Evening primrose, Oenothera spp.

Fig*, Ficus spp.*

Firethorn*, Pyracantha spp.*

Flax lily*, Phorium spp.*

Fleabane*, Erigeron spp.*

Gardenia*, Gardenia spp.*

Ginkgo*, Ginkgo spp.*

Gladiolus, Gladiolus spp.

Goldenrod, Solidago spp.

Grape*, Vitis spp.*

Hardenbergia*, Hardenbergia spp.*

Hibiscus*, Hibiscus spp.*

Holly, Ilex spp.

Hollyhock*, Althaea spp.*

Jasmine, Jasminum spp.

Lambsquarter*, Chenopodium spp.*

Laurel*, Laurus spp.*

Leadwort*, Plumbago spp.*

Lettuce, Lactuca spp.

Lilac*, Syringa spp.*

Locust*, Robinia spp.*

Macadamia*, Macadamia spp.*

Magnolia*, Magnolia spp.*

Mallow, Malva spp.

Milkweed*, Asclepias spp.*

Milkwort*, Polygala spp.*

Mock orange*, Philadelphus spp.*

Mulberry*, Morus spp.*

Myoporum*, Myoporum spp.*

Nadina*, Nadina spp.*

Oak*, Quercus spp.*

Oleander, Nerium spp.

Olive*, Olea spp.*

Osmanthus*, Osmanthus spp.*

Pandorea*, Pandorea spp.*

Pear*, Pyrus spp.*

Philodendron, Philodendron spp.

Photinia, Photinia spp.

Pine, Pinus spp.

Pistachio*, Pistacia*

Pittosporum, Pittosporum spp.

Podocarpus*, Podocarpus spp.*

Pokeweed, Phytolacca spp.

Privet*, Ligustrum spp.*

Prunus, (apricot, peach, etc.)*, Prunus spp.*

Ragweed, Ambrosia spp.

Raphiolepis*, Raphiolepis spp.*

Redbud*, Cercis spp.*

Rock rose*, Cistus spp.*

Rose*, Rosa spp.*

Sassafras, Sassafras spp.

Scinus*, Schinus spp.*

Senna*, Cassia spp.*

Solanum*, Solanum spp.*

Sonchus, Sonchus spp.

Sorghm*, Sorghum spp.*

Speedwell*, Veronica spp.*

Strawberry tree*, Arbutus spp.*

Sumac*, Rhus spp.*

Sunflower*, Helianthus spp.*

Sweet gum*, Liquidambar spp.*

Sycamore*, Platanus spp.*

Tecomaria*, Tecomaria spp.*

Toyon*, Heteromeles spp.*

Trachelospermum*, Trachelospermum spp.*

Tree Tobacco*, Nicotiana spp.*

Tristania*, Tristania spp.*

Trumpet, creeper*, Campsis spp.*

Tulip tree*, Liroidendron spp.*

Tupelo, Nyssa spp.

Tupidanthus*, Tupidanthus spp.*

Umbrella tree*, Schefflera spp.*

Viburnum*, Viburnum spp.*

Vigna, Vigna spp.

Walnut, Juglans spp.

Wild bergamot, Monarda spp.

Willow*, Salix spp.*

Wisteria, Wisteria spp.

Xylosma*, Xylosma spp.*

Yellow jessamine*, Gelsemium spp.*

Yucca, Yucca spp.

Zea, Zea spp.